How to Use Volume Price Trend (VPT)?

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The Volume Price Trend (VPT) is a technical indicator used in stock market analysis to measure the relationship between price and volume. It is primarily used to identify the strength of a price trend, validate breakouts, and spot potential reversals.

To use the Volume Price Trend effectively, you need to understand how it is calculated and the interpretation of its values.


  1. Start by determining a price/volume multiplier factor. This factor can be set to 1 if you want to give equal weightage to both price and volume. Alternatively, you can modify the factor to give more importance to either price or volume.
  2. Calculate the percentage change in price between the current and previous periods.
  3. Multiply the percentage change by the volume of the current period.
  4. Add the result to the previous VPT value to get the current VPT.


  1. Upward Trend: If the VPT is moving upwards, it indicates that the buying volume is increasing, suggesting a bullish market sentiment.
  2. Downward Trend: Conversely, a downward sloping VPT line suggests increasing selling volume and a bearish sentiment.
  3. Divergence: When the VPT diverges from the price trend, it can indicate a weakening trend. For example, if the price is rising, but the VPT line is falling, it suggests that the buying pressure is decreasing, and a trend reversal might occur.
  4. Confirmation: The VPT can be used to confirm breakouts. If the price breaks a significant resistance level, an increase in the VPT value confirms the strength of the breakout and supports the continuation of the trend.
  5. Volume Analysis: Apart from trend analysis, the VPT can also be used independently to assess buying or selling pressure based on volume. Higher VPT values indicate stronger volume and vice versa.

Overall, the Volume Price Trend is a useful tool for traders and investors to gauge the relationship between price and volume. By combining it with other indicators and analysis techniques, it can assist in making informed decisions and identifying potential trading opportunities in the stock market.

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What are some popular trading strategies based on VPT signals?

The Volume Price Trend (VPT) indicator is commonly used in technical analysis to determine the strength of a trend and potential reversals in the stock market. Some popular trading strategies based on VPT signals include:

  1. Trend Confirmation: Traders use VPT to confirm the underlying trend. If VPT is rising along with the price, it indicates a strong uptrend. Conversely, if VPT is falling along with the price, it signals a strong downtrend. Traders can use this information to enter trades in the direction of the trend.
  2. Divergence Trading: Traders look for divergences between the VPT indicator and the price. If the price is making higher highs, but the VPT is making lower highs, it may suggest a potential reversal or weakening of the trend. Traders can take this as a signal to enter a trade in the opposite direction.
  3. Support and Resistance Levels: VPT can also be used to identify support and resistance levels. When the VPT breaks above a resistance level, it suggests an upward breakout, and traders can take this as a buy signal. Similarly, when the VPT breaks below a support level, it indicates a downward breakout, and traders can use it as a sell signal.
  4. Breakout Trading: VPT can help identify breakout points. Traders often look for a sharp increase in VPT along with a significant increase in volume. This indicates strong buying or selling pressure, potentially leading to a breakout. Traders can enter trades when the price breaks above a resistance level (in an uptrend) or below a support level (in a downtrend).
  5. Moving Average Crossovers: Traders use VPT in conjunction with moving averages, such as a 10-day and 50-day moving average. When the VPT line crosses above the moving averages, it generates a buy signal, indicating an increase in buying pressure. Conversely, when the VPT line crosses below the moving averages, it generates a sell signal, suggesting a decrease in buying pressure.

It's important to note that these strategies should be used in conjunction with other technical indicators and analysis techniques to increase the probability of successful trades. Traders should also consider risk management and employ proper stop-loss orders to protect against potential losses.

How to adjust VPT parameters for different market conditions?

Adjusting VPT (Volume Price Trend) parameters for different market conditions can be done by considering the following factors:

  1. Timeframe: Determine the appropriate timeframe suitable for the given market conditions. Shorter timeframes (e.g., intraday) might need smaller VPT parameters, whereas longer timeframes (e.g., weekly) may require larger parameters.
  2. Market volatility: Adjust the VPT parameters based on the current market volatility. Higher volatility may necessitate larger parameters to capture significant price movements, while lower volatility may require smaller parameters for finer sensitivity.
  3. Asset class: Different asset classes (e.g., stocks, commodities, forex) have varying characteristics. Adjust the VPT parameters accordingly to match the specific asset class's behavior. For example, stock markets may need different parameter settings compared to currency markets.
  4. Testing and backtesting: Conduct extensive testing and backtesting of various parameter combinations to determine the most effective settings for a specific market condition. This can involve analyzing historical data or using virtual trading platforms with real-time market conditions.
  5. Benchmark against other indicators: Compare the VPT results with other relevant technical indicators to confirm the appropriateness of the chosen parameters. For instance, if the VPT signals align well with other indicators, the parameters are likely suitable for the current market conditions.
  6. Continuous monitoring and adjustments: Keep an eye on how the VPT responds to changing market conditions. If the indicator's effectiveness diminishes or produces false signals, consider adjusting the parameters accordingly to adapt to the market.

Overall, adjusting VPT parameters for different market conditions involves a combination of analysis, testing, and continuous monitoring to find the most optimal settings that capture price trends and volume dynamics effectively.

What indicators are used in the VPT calculation?

The Volume Price Trend (VPT) is a technical analysis indicator used to determine the strength of a price trend in relation to its trading volume. It measures the cumulative volume that accompanies price movement in a certain direction. The VPT calculation takes into account three main indicators:

  1. Daily Volume: The VPT considers the volume of shares bought and sold during the trading day. This volume is an essential component for calculating the VPT.
  2. Percentage Price Change: The VPT also incorporates the percentage change in the price of the security from one day to another. It is used to determine the direction of the trend.
  3. Previous VPT Value: The previous VPT value is also taken into account. It is used to calculate the current VPT by adding or subtracting the product of the daily volume and the percentage price change to the previous VPT value.

By considering these indicators, the VPT can identify buying or selling pressure behind a price trend, providing insights into the strength of the trend and potential reversal points.

How to plot the VPT on a price chart?

To plot the Volume Price Trend (VPT) on a price chart, you can follow these steps:

  1. Open a charting platform or software that allows you to plot technical indicators. Popular platforms include TradingView, MetaTrader, and Thinkorswim.
  2. Select the desired financial instrument (stock, forex pair, cryptocurrency, etc.) and the specific time frame you wish to analyze. The VPT is most commonly used on daily or intraday charts.
  3. Locate the indicators or studies menu on your charting platform. This can usually be found in a toolbar or a drop-down menu. Look for the option to add a new indicator.
  4. Search for the Volume Price Trend indicator in the available list of indicators. If it is not readily available, you may need to download or import it into your charting platform. Alternatively, you can manually calculate the VPT using a spreadsheet or coding language.
  5. Once you have added the VPT indicator to your chart, you can customize its settings, such as the input period, colors, and line thickness, to your preference. The default settings typically work well for most scenarios.
  6. After configuring the settings, the VPT will appear as an additional line or histogram on your price chart. It will typically be plotted either below or above the main price chart, depending on your charting platform.
  7. Analyze the VPT line/histogram in relation to the price movements on the chart. The VPT line indicates the cumulative volume trend. If the VPT line is increasing, it suggests that there is positive volume pressure or buying interest. Conversely, a decreasing VPT line implies negative volume pressure or selling interest.
  8. Look for chart patterns, such as divergences or confirmations, between the VPT line and the price chart. For example, if the price is making higher highs, but the VPT line is making lower highs, it could indicate a bearish divergence and a potential reversal in price.
  9. Consider using other technical analysis tools, such as support and resistance levels, moving averages, or trendlines, in conjunction with the VPT to confirm potential trade signals or identify areas of interest.

Remember that technical analysis indicators should not be solely relied upon for making trading decisions. It is vital to combine them with other fundamental and technical analysis methods for a comprehensive evaluation.

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